Serge Onnen (Paris 1965) Studied at Rijks Academy and teaches at Rietveld, also in Amsterdam.With a broad creative repertoire, Onnen is an artist of cross-disciplinary caliber. In the past 20 years, he has integrated different media in his work including animation, wallpaper, shadow, books and sound. Onnen is particularly interested in using pre-digital methods to create sequential images. He feels that visual communications prior to the digital boom are simple yet fascinating. Such as the outdated early Western animation device, the phenakistiscope (invented in 1829) using one single image to create a dazzling animated effects. One of the main subject in his work are the many different meaning of value in society and economics, causing continues confusion and conflict. This is for example embodied by smallest of all currencies; the cent. A returning object in his most recent projects, such as the book The Last Cent. Recently, Onnen has begun, after a period os study in China, to incorporate traditional Chinese shadow puppetry as a creative tool and element in his art.